2023 SAEMF/GEMA Research Pilot Grant - $10,000

"Developing a Context-Appropriate VAP Prevention Strategy in Ethiopia"

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is among the most common complications in critically ill patients and is associated with increased duration of mechanical ventilation and mortality. Implementing a VAP prevention bundle can lead to reduction in rates of VAP and improved clinical outcomes, but there is little data about what VAP prevention initiatives are feasible or effective in resource limited settings. This SAEMF-GEMA research pilot grant will support an assessment of the feasibility and effectiveness of a context-appropriate VAP prevention bundle at St. Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), an academic, tertiary medical center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


  • Laytin_headshot[1]

    Adam D. Laytin, MD, MPH

    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

    "Developing a Context-Appropriate VAP Prevention Strategy in Ethiopia"

    Adam Laytin, MD MPH is an assistant professor of an Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 

    His areas of clinical expertise include surgical critical care and emergency medicine. His research interests include injury epidemiology and prevention, social determinants of health, and emergency medicine, critical care and trauma systems in resource-limited settings. He has collaborated with clinicians and researchers in the US, Ethiopia, India, South Africa and Israel. 

    His current research, conducted in collaboration with emergency physicians and intensivists in Ethiopia, addresses the burden of medical emergencies, critical illness and trauma in low- and middle-income countries with the goal of developing data-driven, context-appropriate quality improvement and capacity building initiatives to improve the care of critical ill and injured people worldwide.