Evidence of Inequity in Patient Care

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Evidence of Racism in Patient Care




  • A Book of Medical Discourses: In Two Parts by Dr. Rebecca Lee-Crumpler, first African American woman to earn an M.D. degree
  • Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present by Harriet A. Washington. The product of years of prodigious research into medical journals and experimental reports long undisturbed, Medical Apartheid reveals the hidden underbelly of scientific research and makes possible, for the first time, an understanding of the roots of the African American health deficit. At last, it provides the fullest possible context for comprehending the behavioral fallout that has caused black Americans to view researchers—and indeed the whole medical establishment—with such deep distrust.
  • "Slave Life in Georgia: A Narrative of the Life, Sufferings, and Escape of John Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Now in England. autobiography of John Brown, published in 1855. My name is John Brown. How I came to take it, I will explain in due time. When in Slavery, I was called Fed. Why I was so named, I cannot tell. I never knew myself by any other name, nor always by that; for it is common for slaves to answer to any name, as it may suit the humour of the master. I do not know how old I am but think I may be any age between thirty-five and forty. I fancy I must be about thirty-seven or eight; as nearly as I can guess. I was raised on Betty Moore's estate, in Southampton County, Virginia, about three miles from Jerusalem Court house and the little Nottoway river.
  • Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare by Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha. In Unequal Treatment, a panel of experts documents this evidence and explores how persons of color experience the health care environment. The book examines how disparities in treatment may arise in health care systems and looks at aspects of the clinical encounter that may contribute to such disparities.
  • What the eyes don’t see by Mona Hanna- Attisha. WHAT THE EYES DON’T SEE is a powerful first-hand account of the Flint water crisis, the signature environmental disaster of our time, and a riveting narrative of personal advocacy. Here is the dramatic story of how Dr. Mona used science to prove Flint kids were exposed to lead, and how she courageously went public with her research and faced a brutal backlash. With persistence and single-minded sense of mission, she spoke truth to power. The book explores the horrific reality of how misguided austerity policies and callous bureaucratic indifference placed an entire city at risk.


  • APHA's Advancing Racial Equity series: Racism: The Ultimate Underlying ConditionThis kick-off webinar of APHA's Advancing Racial Equity series examined racism and its historic and present-day impact on health and well-being.
  • APA: Racism and Black Mental Health . 1 AMA CME Free. This learning module prepares contemporary psychiatrists to practice with an anti-racism framework in the care of all patients, and especially African Americans. Competency in this area is provided through exploration of historical facts underscoring the linkage of "race" and material disadvantage in America, as well as the spread of scientific racism during nascent periods of psychiatry. Contemporary issues affecting African-American patients at the point of mental health care are emphasized, along with discussion of effective interventions for addressing the institutional, interpersonal, and internal manifestations of racism. 


  •  “The Health Disparities Podcast” by Movement is LifeTM is a multi-disciplinary coalition. Is a series of conversations about health disparities with people and organizations who are working to eliminate them
  • The Praxis This podcast aims to directly address and explore the effects of racism and other forms of marginalization so that we can collectively achieve health justice. We will journey through history, theory, science & medicine by embracing storytelling, interviews, and community expertise.
  • 1619, Episode 4: How the Bad Blood Started  Black Americans were denied access to doctors and hospitals for decades. From the shadows of this exclusion, they pushed to create the nation’s first federal health care programs.


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