Race & Gender
Young MF, Hern HG, Alter HJ, Barger J, Vahidnia F. Racial differences in receiving morphine among prehospital patients with blunt trauma. The Journal of emergency medicine. 2013 Jul 1;45(1):46-52.
Bennett CL, McDonald DA, Hurwitz S, Zheng H, Nadel E, Ranney ML. Changes in Sex, Race, and Ethnic Origin of Emergency Medicine Resident Physicians from 2007‐2017. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2018 Dec 14.
Madsen TE, Heron SL, Rounds K, Kass D, Lall M, Sethuraman KN, Arbelaez C, Blomkalns A, Safdar B. Making Promotion Count: The Gender Perspective On Behalf of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Equity Research Taskforce. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2019 Jan 9.
Bennett CL, Raja AS, Kapoor N, Kass D, Blumenthal D, Gross N, Mills AM. Gender Differences in Faculty Rank Among Academic Emergency Physicians in the United States. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2019 Jan 13.
Julia B. Nath, MD, Shaughnessy Costigan, MD, Feng Lin, MS, Eric Vittinghoff, PhD, and Renee Y. Hsia, MD, MSc. Access to Federally Qualified Health Centers and Emergency Department Use Among Uninsured and Medicaid‐insured Adults: California, 2005 to 2013. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2019 Jan 16.
Campbell CM, Edwards RR. Ethnic differences in pain and pain management. Pain management. 2012 May;2(3):219-30.
Hoffman KM, Trawalter S, Axt JR, Oliver MN. Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2016 Apr 19;113(16):4296-301.
Goyal MK, Kuppermann N, Cleary SD, Teach SJ, Chamberlain JM. Racial disparities in pain management of children with appendicitis in emergency departments. JAMA pediatrics. 2015 Nov 1;169(11):996-1002.
Mahmoudi E, Swiatek PR, Chung KC. Emergency Department Wait Times and Treatment of Traumatic Digit Amputation: Do Race and Insurance Matter?. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. 2017 Feb;139(2):444e.
Fields A, Abraham M, Gaughan J, Haines C, Hoehn KS. Language matters: race, trust, and outcomes in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatric emergency care. 2016 Apr 1;32(4):222-6.
Mooney AC, McConville S, Rappaport AJ, Hsia RY. Association of legal intervention injuries with race and ethnicity among patients treated in emergency departments in California. JAMA Network Open. 2018 Sep 7;1(5):e182150-.
Zook HG, Kharbanda AB, Flood A, Harmon B, Puumala SE, Payne NR. Racial differences in pediatric emergency department triage scores. The Journal of emergency medicine. 2016 May 1;50(5):720-7.
Goyal MK, Johnson TJ, Chamberlain JM, Casper TC, Simmons T, Alessandrini EA, Bajaj L, Grundmeier RW, Gerber JS, Lorch SA, Alpern ER. Racial and ethnic differences in antibiotic use for viral illness in emergency departments. Pediatrics. 2017 Sep 5:e20170203.
Zhang Q, Lamichhane R, Diggs LA. Disparities in emergency department visits in American children with asthma: 2006–2010. Journal of Asthma. 2017 Aug 9;54(7):679-86.Manuel JI, Lee J. Gender differences in discharge dispositions of emergency department visits involving drug misuse and abuse—2004-2011. Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy. 2017 Dec;12(1):28.