Language & Cultural Barriers

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Divi C, Koss RG, Schmaltz SP, Loeb JM. Language proficiency and adverse events in US hospitals: a pilot study. International journal for quality in health care. 2007 Apr 1;19(2):60-7.

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Karliner LS, Jacobs EA, Chen AH, Mutha S. Do professional interpreters improve clinical care for patients with limited English proficiency? A systematic review of the literature. Health services research. 2007 Apr;42(2):727-54.

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Marshall L, Fischer A, Soeller AN, Cordova R, Gutierrez YR, Alford L. Creating a Professional Ladder for Interpreters for Improvement of Care. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2016 Oct 1;42(10):466-AP6.

Ngai KM, Grudzen CR, Lee R, Tong VY, Richardson LD, Fernandez A. The association between limited English proficiency and unplanned emergency department revisit within 72 hours. Annals of emergency medicine. 2016 Aug 1;68(2):213-21.

Ramirez D, Engel KG, Tang TS. Language interpreter utilization in the emergency department setting: a clinical review. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2008;19(2):352-62.

Samuels-Kalow ME, Stack AM, Amico K, Porter SC. Parental language and return visits to the emergency department after discharge. Pediatric emergency care. 2017 Jun 1;33(6):402-4.

Sarver J, Baker DW. Effect of language barriers on follow-up appointments after an emergency department visit. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2000 Apr 1;15(4):256-64.

Waxman MA, Levitt MA. Are diagnostic testing and admission rates higher in non–english-speaking versus english-speaking patients in the emergency department?. Annals of emergency medicine. 2000 Nov 1;36(5):456-61.