Language & Cultural Barriers

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Divi C, Koss RG, Schmaltz SP, Loeb JM. Language proficiency and adverse events in US hospitals: a pilot study. International journal for quality in health care. 2007 Apr 1;19(2):60-7.

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Karliner LS, Jacobs EA, Chen AH, Mutha S. Do professional interpreters improve clinical care for patients with limited English proficiency? A systematic review of the literature. Health services research. 2007 Apr;42(2):727-54.

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Marshall L, Fischer A, Soeller AN, Cordova R, Gutierrez YR, Alford L. Creating a Professional Ladder for Interpreters for Improvement of Care. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2016 Oct 1;42(10):466-AP6.

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Ramirez D, Engel KG, Tang TS. Language interpreter utilization in the emergency department setting: a clinical review. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2008;19(2):352-62.

Samuels-Kalow ME, Stack AM, Amico K, Porter SC. Parental language and return visits to the emergency department after discharge. Pediatric emergency care. 2017 Jun 1;33(6):402-4.

Sarver J, Baker DW. Effect of language barriers on follow-up appointments after an emergency department visit. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2000 Apr 1;15(4):256-64.

Waxman MA, Levitt MA. Are diagnostic testing and admission rates higher in non-english-speaking versus english-speaking patients in the emergency department?. Annals of emergency medicine. 2000 Nov 1;36(5):456-61.